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Many diseases, including developmental delays, autism, hearing loss, and cerebral palsy, can cause difficulty with speech development. Children with any of these disorders will have difficulty speaking and listening. They are unable to articulate their thoughts and ideas and feel very down and insecure.  It is the evaluation and treatment of speech. Speech therapists utilise a variety of interactive strategies to remediate speech difficulties. If your child is unable to communicate effectively, you should contact us immediately.

What is speech therapy?

Speech therapy, also known as speech-language therapy or speech-language pathology, is a specialized field of healthcare that focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of communication disorders and swallowing difficulties. It is aimed at helping individuals of all ages improve their speech, language, and overall communication skills.

1. Articulation Disorders: Difficulty producing speech sounds or pronouncing words correctly.

2. Language Disorders: Difficulty understanding or using language effectively, including difficulties with grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension.

3. Fluency Disorders: Speech difficulties characterized by disruptions in the flow of speech, such as stuttering.

4. Voice Disorders: Problems with pitch, loudness, or quality of the voice.

5. Cognitive-Communication Disorders: Challenges with memory, attention, problem-solving, and other cognitive skills that affect communication.

6. Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia): Difficulties with chewing and swallowing food and liquids safely.

Causes of speech and language disorders

1. Developmental factors: Some individuals may experience speech and language disorders due to developmental issues that affect their ability to acquire and use language effectively. These factors can include genetic or hereditary factors, neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., autism spectrum disorder), intellectual disabilities, or specific language impairments.

2. Neurological conditions: Certain neurological conditions can lead to speech and language disorders. Examples include cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke, brain tumors, and progressive neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease or dementia.

3. Hearing loss: Hearing loss can significantly impact a person’s ability to develop speech and language skills. If a child cannot hear sounds properly during critical periods of language development, it can lead to delays or difficulties in speech and language acquisition.

4. Structural abnormalities: Structural abnormalities or physical conditions affecting the speech and language mechanisms can cause speech and language disorders. Examples include cleft lip or palate, vocal cord paralysis, or structural abnormalities in the oral or facial structures.

5. Sensory and perceptual disorders: Some individuals may have sensory and perceptual disorders that affect their ability to process and interpret speech and language cues. For instance, auditory processing disorders can make it challenging to understand and discriminate sounds, leading to difficulties in language comprehension and production.

6. Environmental factors: Adverse environmental factors, such as neglect, abuse, or lack of exposure to language-rich environments, can contribute to speech and language disorders. Insufficient stimulation, limited interaction, or inadequate language models during critical periods of development can impact language acquisition.

7. Trauma or emotional factors: Emotional trauma, psychological disorders, or emotional stress can affect speech and language abilities. Traumatic experiences or severe anxiety can lead to selective mutism or other communication difficulties.

Advantages of speech therapy

  • Improved Communication Skills
  • Articulation and Pronunciation Improvement
  • Language Development
  • Fluency Enhancement
  • Voice and Resonance Improvement